The exit (Exodus 1:1-2:25)

After Joseph’s death, the Israelites descended into bondage in Egypt for 430 years. Not until Moses came along were the Israelites led into freedom. So there is a long gap between the events in Genesis & the events of Exodus.

Everything that occurred was foreordained by a sovereign God. These things had already been prophesied.

The fact that the Israelites multiplied so abundantly contributed to their falling into bondage. Eventually a new king arose in Egypt who did not know who Joseph was. He felt threatened by the Hebrews because they were so many.

The new king dealt shrewdly with the Israelites in order to take advantage of them. He had assumed that they might at some point join with Egypt’s enemies.

The Israelites built for the Egyptians treasure cities and monuments. The more the Egyptians persecuted the Israelites, the more they multiplied.

God’s people have always been under affliction. In the book of Acts, for example, the Christian Church flourished because it was persecuted by the Romans. (That’s one reason the church in America is so anemic. It has never been persecuted.)

The Egyptians made the lives of the Hebrews bitter. If you don’t learn to carry your afflictions Biblically, they will turn into bitterness.

Eventually, the Egyptians resolved to kill all Israelite male offspring. But the Egyptian midwives feared God and did not obey. This is the world into which Moses was born.

Moses’ mother hid him from Egyptian authorities for 3 months, then hid him in a basket and put him in the water with the hope that he would be found and cared for. She literally put her son in the hands of God.

Of course, Moses was discovered by the daughter of Pharaoh. She had immediate compassion for the baby, even though she recognized him as a Hebrew child.

Moses’ sister, who had been watching, offered to go find a wet nurse for the baby. Of course, she fetched the child’s mother to care for Moses, who moved into the palace to care for Moses, who was now safe. In fact, Pharaoh’s daughter ended up paying Moses’ mother to care for Moses.

She called his name Moses because she drew him out of the water.

Isn’t it remarkable how many miracles in the Bible involve water?

Moses ended up being raised and educated as though he were one of Pharaoh’s own.

Moses wasn’t called “grown” until he was 40. He had never visited the Israelites until this time. He had heretofore identified as an Egyptian.

Moses witnessed an Israelite being struck by an Egyptian taskmaster and killed the Egyptian. But God was not quite ready to lead the Israelites out of bondage.

Sometimes we have talents and think we’re ready for the next level. Then God takes these things away. So it was with Moses’ speech impediment.

At this time, there were about 3 million Israelites. Given this, how ironic is it that Moses went out to two different places in two days and was recognized by the same people?

Pharaoh sought to slay Moses. So Moses escaped to the land of Midian and sat by a well. He would remain here 40 more years. (Forty is the Biblical number for temptation.)

For 40 years, Moses tended sheep and no one knew him. He forgot how to talk well and dress well. His appearance deteriorated. Only then, at age 80, was God ready for him.

It was during his time in Midian that Moses met the daughters of Reuel, who ended up giving one of his daughters, Zipporah, to Moses as a wife.

The Bible uses the phrase “in the process of time.” Indeed, time is a process.

Meanwhile, the Israelites’ condition worsened. They cried out to God, and God heard their groaning. (Never discount this.) God remembered them. When man forgets, God remembers. God had respect unto them.

Moses was the greatest redeemer in the Bible outside of Christ.

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